Concerns linked to climate change and Europe’s excessive dependency on petrol are providing the driving force for the move towards the diversification of energetic resources and for the use of renewable carbon. In this regard, biomass is unique, because it is the only natural resource that can satisfy both needs, providing feedstock for biofuel production and for the manufacture of chemicals and materials.
Today, almost 4% of the EU gross energy demand is covered by biomass resources. Nearly two-thirds of all renewable energy sources used in Europe comes from bioma
ss. In 2005, about 5% of the biomass consumption for energy purposes was dedicated to biofuel production: a total production of biofuels of about 4 million tons.