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The milestones in the European energy and climate change policy


The European approach to implement a common policy on climate change and energy started actively in 2006. From then on, the Commission and the Parliament has adopted a series of measures to establish solid cost-effective low carbon technologies.



2006, the Green Paper

The Green Paper set a common, coherent European Energy Policy and laid the foundations for secure, competitive and sustainable energy.



2007, the SET-Plan, the technology pillar of the EU's energy and climate policy

In 2007 the European Commission proposed a package of measures to achieve a series of ambitious targets on greenhouse gas emissions and renewable energy. In addition, those measures proposed  to create a true internal market for energy and to strengthen effective regulation.

The Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan), is a strategic plan to accelerate the development of cost-effective low carbon technologies.

The plan contains proposals for specific targets on: 

The plan aims to reach a 80% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 compared to 1990 levels.


2008, Climate action

On January 2008, the European Commission presented a package of proposals demonstrating that the EU’s climate change targets, which were agreed by EU leaders in 2007, are not only attainable but represent a major economic opportunity for Europe. The document set up a solid strategy by which Member States will be able to reach the target established by the SET Plan.


2008, Second Strategic Energy Review

To follow-up the actions taken in 2007, the Commission launched the Second Strategic Energy Review which focuses on Energy Security and on a Solidarity Action Plan.

The Review also takes the first steps towards identifying the challenges facing the energy area for the period 2020-2050 and the initiatives necessary in this context.

The Energy Security and Solidarity Action Plan focuse in particular on five areas: