The BIOCORE project will establish biomass management plans that will describe how a biorefinery can be supplied with a mixed biomass feedstock. Models for different geographical scenarios (Europe and Asia) will be made available, which will account for regional differences, including crop seasonality, harvesting and transport logistics and storage. These results will be used to guide future industrial implantations of BIOCORE biorefineries.
BIOCORE will also demonstrate in an integrated pilot process the efficiency of an innovative fractionation process that will allow the optimal extraction of the major biomass components (cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins). The high quality and purity of the different fractions will form the basis for the manufacture of natural polymers and fermentable sugars and lignins suitable for the production of a variety of products, including bioplastics and feed/food ingredients.
BIOCORE will also develop and test (i) biotechnological tools such as microorganisms and enzymes and (ii) chemical processes that will employ novel catalysts and low temperature pyrolysis technology. Together, these technologies will be used to transform cellulose and hemicellulose-derived sugars and lignins into added value products.
In an unprecedented way, BIOCORE will implement technologies that will provide the means to make ethylene and propylene, using cellulose and/or hemicelluloses as the feedstock. Similarly, using biomass as the starting material, BIOCORE will open the way towards a new generation of polymers, including bio-PVC and bio-polyurethanes.
BIOCORE will also develop integrated production processes that will be tested and perfected at industrial pilot scale. These processes will be modeled and flowsheets will be produced.
Finally, BIOCORE will deliver a sustainable concept that will be thoroughly tested with regard to its environmental, societal and economical impact. The multicriteria analyses will account for all aspects of the biorefinery value chain and will consider implementation of biorefining in geographically and socioeconomically different contexts.